Our International and Comparative Law Faculty
Professor Jocelyn Getgen Kestenbaum
Professor Getgen Kestenbaum is an Assistant Professor of Clinical law. She joined the Human Rights and Genocide Clinic in 2013, where she supervises clinical projects on issues of international criminal justice. Professor Getgen Kestenbaum is the director of the Benjamin B. Ferencz Human Rights and Atrocity Prevention Clinic, as well as director of the Cardozo Law Institute in Holocaust and Human Rights.
Professor Deborah Pearlstein
A professor of constitutional and international law, Deborah Pearlstein’s work on national security and the separation of powers has appeared widely in law journals and the popular press, including the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, the University of Michigan Law Review, the University of Texas Law Review, and the Georgetown Law Journal, as well as in Slate, Foreign Policy, the Washington Post, and the New York Times. Before joining Cardozo, she was a research scholar in the Law and Public Affairs Program at the Woodrow Wilson School for Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, and held visiting appointments at the University of Pennsylvania Law School and Georgetown University Law Center.
Professor Gabor Rona
Professor Rona received his B.A. from Brandeis University, J.D. from Vermont Law School and LL.M from Columbia Law School. As the International Legal Director of Human Rights First, he advised Human Rights First programs on questions of international law and coordinates international human rights litigation. He also represented Human Rights First with governments, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, the media and the public on matters of international human rights and international humanitarian law (the law of armed conflict).
Professor Michel Rosenfeld
Professor Rosenfeld is the University Professor of Law and Comparative Democracy, Justice Sydney L. Robins Professor of Human Rights and Director of the Program on Global and Comparative Constitutional Theory at the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law. Professor Rosenfeld was an associate with both Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom and Rosenman, Colin, Freund, Lewis & Cohen.
Professor Faraz Sanei
Professor Sanei is a Visiting Instructor of Clinical Law and the Telford Taylor Teaching Fellow with the Benjamin B. Ferencz Human Rights and Atrocity Prevention Clinic at the Cardozo School of Law. Prior to joining Cardozo, he was the Director of the Project for Freedom of Religion or Belief at the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies (The Graduate Center at the City University of New York) and a legal advisor to Dr. Ahmed Shaheed, who is the current UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief and the former UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Professor Anthony Sebok
Professor Sebok is the author of Legal Positivism in American Jurisprudence, articles and essays on jurisprudence, and is the coeditor of The Philosophy of Law: A Collection of Essays. Sebok has served as an expert witness concerning issues of litigation finance and is the Ethics Consultant to Burford Capital.
Professor Suzanne Last Stone
Professor Stone is University Professor of Jewish Law and Contemporary Civilization, Professor of Law, and Director of the Center for Jewish Law and Contemporary Civilization, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University. She has held the Gruss Visiting Chair in Talmudic Civil Law at both the Harvard and University of Pennsylvania Law Schools, and also has visited at Princeton, Columbia Law, Hebrew University Law, and Tel Aviv Law. She is a graduate of Princeton University and Columbia University Law School and was a Danforth Fellow in 1974 in Jewish History and Classical Religions at Yale University.
Professor Richard Weisberg
Professor Weisberg is the Walter Floersheimer Professor of Constitutional Law. He was an Obama appointee to the Commission on the Preservation of America's Heritage Abroad. Professor Weisberg has helped litigate successfully in American federal courts on behalf of Holocaust survivors and their heirs, providing a measure of justice for World War II victims of anti-Semitism.
Featured Course Offerings
Public International Law
International Human Rights Law
International Criminal Law
International Humanitarian Law
Indigenous Rights in the Americas
Reproductive Rights Law
The Cardozo Law Institute in Holocaust and Human Rights
Funded by a Holocaust claims settlement award, the Cardozo Law Institute in Holocaust and Human Rights (CLIHHR) aims to strengthen laws, norms and institutions to prevent mass atrocities and strengthen human rights protections.
Founded by Professor Richard Weisberg and led by Faculty Director Jocelyn Getgen Kestenbaum the CLIHHR program's research and pedagogy addresses all aspects of mass human rights atrocities, including the unfinished business of the Holocaust, unique aspects of identity-conflict, the processional nature of genocide, the development of international criminal justice, the intersection of mass atrocities with forced migration, asylum and refugee law, and post-conflict governance and transition.
The Cardozo Law Institute in Holocaust and Human Rights (CLIHHR, pronounced “clear”) strengthens laws, norms and institutions to prevent mass atrocities, protect affected populations and rebuild societies in the wake of atrocities. An innovative “think tank,” CLIHHR furthers the theory and scholarship of human rights and atrocity prevention, while its “action arm”—the Benjamin B. Ferencz Human Rights and Atrocity Prevention Clinic—trains law students in human rights and atrocity prevention practice. CLIHHR has developed a three-part framework to guide its work:
CLIHHR furthers atrocity prevention through its innovative projects, cutting-edge scholarship, public events, and the Clinic’s legal and policy advocacy.
Building on its legacy and continuing to honor the past, Cardozo is expanding its efforts to safeguard the future by addressing new challenges faced by the human rights movement, responding with fresh thinking through new initiatives such as:
The Project in Law and Armed Conflict, which explores novel approaches to scholarship, teaching and training in the complexities of law and war in the 21st century. The project looks at international law as it relates to the dynamic nature of war in areas such as state responses to terrorism, non-state actors like ISIS, and the new cyberspace battlefield. It also explores the growing role of private military and security contractors in war zones.
Human Rights Forward helps chart the path forward at a time when the international order supporting human rights is under grave threat, and civil society is under assault throughout the world. Human Rights Forward aims to spearhead innovation, facilitate strategic thinking and engage the business community in order to find new approaches to protecting and expanding human rights advocacy globally.
Collectively, Cardozo’s human rights programs provide students with opportunities for active engagement in the most pressing issues at the intersection of law and human rights.
An interdisciplinary concept grounded in international laws and norms, atrocity prevention encompasses frameworks, policies and mechanisms to improve the resilience of societies to atrocity crimes (war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide). Recognizing atrocity crimes not as events, but as dynamic processes, atrocity prevention incorporates legal and non-legal mechanisms and employs early warning risk assessment frameworks to act at earlier intervention points in order to prevent or halt the commission of atrocity crimes. Atrocity prevention includes, but is not limited to: preventing human rights violations; protecting civilians; and promoting accountability, justice, and adequate redress for past atrocity crimes.
Nazi War Crimes Prosecutor Supports Cardozo
He was the youngest prosecutor of Nazi war crimes after World War II. Ben Ferencz committed his life to using the law to prevent future atrocities. He gave critical support to Cardozo and in this video he offers advice to law students interested in pursuing human rights law.
Accountability and Justice
In the aftermath of atrocity, holding perpetrators accountable for their role in fomenting violence is imperative. Accountability can guard against the repetition of human rights abuses, deter would-be perpetrators, and help to heal the wounds of shattered communities. CLIHHR works with clients and partner organizations to bring human rights abusers to justice.
Our Jesuit Massacre Documentation Project team, led by Senior Advisor Patty Blum, constructed a database of material related to the 1989 Salvadoran military massacre of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper, and her daughter. Their work will be used as evidence in the upcoming trial of Salvadoran Colonel Inocente Orlando Montano, to be tried in Spain for his role in the murders.
CLIHHR’s Accountability and Justice portfolio also extends to ongoing crises. Students are exploring avenues to holding companies accountable for the massive displacement and attendant human rights violations endured by Brazil’s indigenous Guaraní-Kaiowah people.
Finally, CLIHHR’s projects seek to help societies move forward in post-conflict settings. To that end, the Clinic has partnered with the South Asian Centre for Legal Studies (SACLS) to guide Sri Lanka’s Office of Missing Persons on the best practices for investigating the fate of those who disappeared during the nation’s 26-year civil war.
Holocaust Remembrance and Justice
CLIHHR continues its pioneering work on Holocaust Remembrance and Justice, led by Professor Richard Weisberg. In this area, we work to preserve memory, further understanding, seek justice and train the next generation of lawyers to engage in thoughtful advocacy. Students are working with faculty and practicing lawyers pursuing justice for Holocaust victims and their heirs, most recently in federal court cases in Chicago against the Hungarian National Railroad, among others, for genocidal acts in 1944. Our goal is to live in a world in which “Never Again!” rings true. In addition to supporting litigation that seeks compensation for victims of the Holocaust, we organize events -- such as the conference A Thousand Years of Infamy: The History of Blood Libel, which brought together legal and literary scholars to discuss blood libel trials and their significance in fueling anti-Semitism.
Refugee rights are an integral part of our HRAP Clinic’s work. The asylum seekers we have represented have come from all regions of the world and have escaped myriad human rights violations. We work to strengthen policies that will protect the rights of refugee and asylum seekers. Our cases have involved advocating for asylum seekers and refugees who seek protection from persecution on account of their political opinion, membership in a particular social group, religion, or sexual orientation.
More About Our Program
The CLIHHR Program
How We Work
Leadership Faculty and Staff
Human Rights and Atrocity Prevention Clinic
Project in Law and Armed Conflict
Cardozo/Columbia Colloquium 2020