Youth Justice Clinic

Created to address the growing need for skilled lawyers in juvenile justice litigation and research positions, the Youth Justice Clinic will focus on the “school-to-prison pipeline.” It will partner with the Legal Aid Society to handle school suspension cases related to clients charged with misdemeanors and felonies; and it will work with other organizations and government agencies in doing impact work that will address problems associated with youth in the education and justice systems. Cardozo students will work in two-person teams under direct supervision, developing litigation, research, writing and advocacy skills. In addition, they will work in case development, client interviewing, counseling, drafting complaints, motions, advocacy materials, as well as learning oral advocacy in a wide range of settings.


Check out the Youth Justice Clinic's newly released report,

Rethinking Rikers: Moving from a Correctional to a Therapeutic Model for Youth  


Also of interest: 

Webinar: Committing to Safety and Respect for LGBTI Youth and Adults in Correctional Settings

(presented by the VERA Institute in collaboration with the National PREA Resource Center - September 25, 2014, from 3:00-4:30pm)



Ellen Yaroshefsky - Director

Constitutional Underpinnings 

Foreword: The Past, Present, and Future of Juvenile Justice Reform in New York State - Stephen A. Newman, New York Law School Law Review, 2011/2012

School Suspension Hearing Guides and Preparation Materials

Common Suspension Issues.pdf - Legal Aid Society
Direct Examination Info.pdf - Legal Aid Society
Cross Examination Info.pdf - Legal Aid Society
Closing Statements Info.pdf - Legal Aid Society

The Educational System and School Discipline 

Legal Advocacy and Education Reform: Litigating School Exclusion - Dean H. Rivkin, Tennessee Law Review, 2008
D.C. schools' rate of expulsion raises questions - Editorial Board, The Washington Post, January 18, 2013
Perps or pupils? Safety policy creates friction in New York City schools - Daryl Khan, The Center for Public Integrity, May 19, 2014 
Real Discipline in School - Robert K. Ross and Kenneth H. Zimmerman, The New York Times, February 16, 2014 
We Can't Arrest Our Way to Safer Schools - Sheila A. Bedi, US News, December 14, 2013 
B.H. on Behalf of her Minor Daught, D.B. - E.D.N.Y. (posted by NYCLU), June 11, 2010

Raise the Age

Raise the Age Fact Sheet.pdf - Raise the Age NY
City Council Testimony, Submitted by the Legal Aid Society Juvenile Rights Practice & Criminal Practice.pdf - Resolution supporting NYS Chief Judge Jonathan Lippman's call on the NYS Legislature to pass and the Governor to sign legislation raising the age of criminal responsibility for nonviolent offenses to 18 and permit the cases of 16 and 17 year-olds charged with such offenses to be adjudicated in the Family Court rather than the adult criminal justice system.
Testimony of Steven Banks, Legal Aid Society - Presented before the New York State Assembly Committee on Codes, Committee on the Judiciary, and Committee on Children and Families, and the New York State Black, Puerto Rican, Hispanic, and Asian Legislative Caucus, concerning the prosecution of 16 and 17 year olds in the adult criminal courts. 
The Two Sides of Raise the Age in New York - Asgarian, Juvenile Justice Information Exchange 
Adolescent Development and the Regulation of Youth Crime.pdf - Scott and Steinberg, The Future of Children 

Adult Criminal Justice System 

Criminal Justice System Handbook - NYS Unified Court System 
Why Misdemeanors Aren't So Minor - Alexandra Natapoff, Slate, April 27, 2012 
Misdemeanor Arrests Higher Under De Blasio Than Bloomberg - Cristopher Robbins, Gothamist, July 31, 2014

Adolescents and the Courts

Points of Entry for Youth to the Criminal.docx - Nancy Ginsburg, Legal Aid Society 
You're An Adult Now: Youth in Adult Criminal Justice Systems.pdf - US Department of Justice National Institute of Corrections

Riker's Island 

CRIPA Investigation of the NYC DOC Jails on Rikers Island.pdf - US Attorney (SDNY) Report on Riker's Island, August 4, 2014 
Rough numbers open window into Rikers violence - Morrissey and O'Connor, The New York World, July 31, 2013
Rikers: Where Mental Illness Meets Brutality in Jail - Winerip and Schwirtz, New York Times, July 14, 2014
New York City Reviewing Rikers Assaults on 129 Inmates - Schwirtz and Winerip, New York Times, July 21, 2014
U.S. Inquiry Finds a 'Culture of Violence' Against Teenage Inmates at Rikers Island - Weiser and Schwirtz, New York Times, August 4, 2014 

Youth Corrections

The Cost of Incarcerating a Child for Life in the US (Infographic) - Campaign for the Fair Sentencing of Youth
Benefits of 'Close to Home' - Schiraldi and Richter, New York Law Journal
4 Youth Prisons in NY Used Excessive Force - Confessore, New York Times
Youth in Confinement - Correctional Association of New York
Joint Motion and Settlement Agreement, US v. NY - Joint Motion and Settlement Agreement regarding the conditions of confinement at the Finger Lakes Residential Center, the Lansing Residential Center, the Tryon Residential Center, and the Tryon Girls Center - July 14, 2010 

Youth in Solitary Confinement 

NY's Black Sites - Casella and Ridgeway, The Nation
Voices From The Box: Solitary Confinement at Rikers Island - The Bronx Defenders (September 2014)
End solitary confinement for juveniles - Clarke and Maki, Chicago Sun-Times

Special Education 

New York Family Court 

Introductory Guide to the New York City Family Court - Committee on Family Law & Family Court, New York City Bar, February 2012 

Punishment and the 8th Amendment 

Children Are Different (Infographic) - Campaign for the Fair Sentencing of Youth
Graham v. FL - About the Decision - Campaign for the Fair Sentencing of Youth

Mental Health

Testimony of Amanda Parsons (Deputy Commissioner, Division of Health Care Access and Improvement, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene) - Presented to the New York City Council Committee on Mental Health, Mental Retardation, Alcoholism, Drug Abuse, and Disability Services and the Committee on Fire and Criminal Justice Services, concerning NYC's compliance with the Brad H. Settlement and administration of discharge planning for people with mental illness in city jails (October 26, 2012) 
Update on the Implementation of the Brad H. Settlement.pdf - City Council Hearing, February 17, 2005, Presented by Jennifer J. Parish, Urban Justice Center 
Youth with Mental Health Disorders in the Juvenile Justice System: Results from a Multi-State Prevalence Study.pdf - Cocozza and Shufelt, National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice
Juvenile Mental Health Courts: An Emerging Strategy.pdf - Cocozza and Shufelt, National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice

Cultural Competency 

A Rose by Any Other Name.pdf - Jan Jacobowitz 


Stops, Detentions and Constitutional Rights

Stop-and-Frisk Expert Report (from Floyd) - Center for Constitutional Rights
Floyd et al v. City of New York - Order and Opinion, August 12, 2013
Ligon v. City of New York - Order and Opinion, January 1, 2013

Girls in the Justice System 

Understanding the Female Offender - Lisa M. Broidy & Elizabeth E. Cauffman, December 2006, National Criminal Justice Reference Service 
A Better Way to Spend $500,000 - How the Juvenile Justice System Fails Girls.pdf - Beyer, et al., Wisconsin Women's Law Journal, July 2003

LGBTQ in the Justice System 

Problem Solving Courts and Other Alternatives

Juvenile Mental Health Courts: An Emerging Strategy copy.pdf - Cocozza and Shufelt, National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice

Comparative Jurisdictions

School-to-Prison Pipeline Resources

Judith Kaye Taskforce 

Keeping Kids in School and Out of Court - Report and Recommendations (2013) - NYS Permanent Judicial Commission on Justice for Children

Youth Justice Organizations and Websites

Bronx Resources

Bronx Studio School for Writers and Artists - NYC Department of Education 
Close to Home Initiative - NYS Office of Child and Family Services 

Alternate Providers

Videos & Visual Resources

The Color of Justice - Center for Children's Advocacy
Life After Lock-Up - Center for Children's Advocacy
Legal Rights in Juvenile Detention - Center for Children's Advocacy
Legal Rights in Foster Care - Center for Children's Advocacy

Recent Articles & Publications

National Juvenile Defense Standards - National Juvenile Defender Center
The Sting of Juvenile Detention - David Maass of the Crime Report